High-resolution planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) measurements were performed in an optically accessible internal combustion engine to investigate the evolution of the turbulent mixing process during the intake and compression strokes. The PLIF measurements were used to analyze the important turbulent length scales, scalar energy and dissipation spectra, and mean scalar gradients. The fluorescence images had sufficient spatial resolution and integrity to resolve all of the fine-scale features of the flow, allowing for direct determination of the Batchelor length scale. The integral and Taylor scales were also determined from two-point spatial correlations of the fluctuating scalar field using an appropriately defined mean scalar value. The general morphology of the scalar field and the measured integral, Taylor and Batchelor length scales were found to be largely independent of engine speed and intake pressure, but increased as the engine cycle progressed through the intake and compression strokes. The measured Batchelor scales ranged from 22 to 54 μm; the integral scales ranged from 1.8 to 3.5 mm; and the Taylor microscales ranged from 0.6 to 1.2 mm. The Taylor and integral scale values were comparable to values reported in the literature from in-cylinder velocity measurements. The mean scalar gradient, a measure of the fine-scale mixing rate, monotonically decreased as the engine cycle advanced. High-resolution measurements of this type are important in the development and validation of future engine combustion models used in computer simulations.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 30, 2011
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