High rate of detection of G8P(6) rotavirus in children with acute gastroenteritis in São Tomé and Príncipe

High rate of detection of G8P(6) rotavirus in children with acute gastroenteritis in São Tomé... The burden of rotavirus infections greatly affects the low-income African countries. In the absence of epidemiological data on pediatric diarrhea in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP), a study was conducted from August to December 2011. Rotavirus antigen was detected in 36.7 % of the collected fecal samples (87/237). G8P(6) was identified as the predominant genotype (71.1 % detection rate), while G1P(8) represented only 8.4 %. Phylogenetic analysis of VP7 G8 strains showed clustering within lineage G8d, while VP4 P(6) strains clustered within lineage 1a. Our results represent the first report on rotavirus from STP and show one of the highest detection rates of G8 rotaviruses worldwide. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

High rate of detection of G8P(6) rotavirus in children with acute gastroenteritis in São Tomé and Príncipe

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-014-2244-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The burden of rotavirus infections greatly affects the low-income African countries. In the absence of epidemiological data on pediatric diarrhea in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP), a study was conducted from August to December 2011. Rotavirus antigen was detected in 36.7 % of the collected fecal samples (87/237). G8P(6) was identified as the predominant genotype (71.1 % detection rate), while G1P(8) represented only 8.4 %. Phylogenetic analysis of VP7 G8 strains showed clustering within lineage G8d, while VP4 P(6) strains clustered within lineage 1a. Our results represent the first report on rotavirus from STP and show one of the highest detection rates of G8 rotaviruses worldwide.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2015

References

  • Rotavirus G and P types in children with acute diarrhea in Blantyre, Malawi, from 1997 to 1998: predominance of novel P(6)G8 strains
    Cunliffe, NA; Gondwe, JS; Broadhead, RL; Molyneux, ME; Woods, PA; Bresee, JS; Glass, RI; Gentsch, JR; Hart, CA
  • Zoonotic aspects of rotaviruses
    Martella, V; Banyai, K; Matthijnssens, J; Buonavoglia, C; Ciarlet, M
  • Rotavirus in diarrheal children in rural Burkina Faso: high prevalence of genotype G6P(6)
    Nordgren, J; Bonkoungou, IJ; Nitiema, LW; Sharma, S; Ouermi, D; Simpore, J; Barro, N; Svensson, L
  • Evidence of natural transmission of group A rotavirus between domestic pigs and wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Japan
    Okadera, K; Abe, M; Ito, N; Morikawa, S; Yamasaki, A; Masatani, T; Nakagawa, K; Yamaoka, S; Sugiyama, M
  • Zoonotic transmission of reassortant porcine G4P(6) rotaviruses in Hungarian pediatric patients identified sporadically over a 15 year period
    Papp, H; Borzák, R; Farkas, S; Kisfali, P; Lengyel, G; Molnár, P; Melegh, B; Matthijnssens, J; Jakab, F; Martella, V; Bányai, K

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