High-performance polymer ionomer–ionic liquid membrane IPMC actuator

High-performance polymer ionomer–ionic liquid membrane IPMC actuator A high-performance ionic polymer–metal composite (IPMC) actuator based on a polyelectrolyte membrane has been constructed from a poly((t-butyl-styrene)-b-(ethylene-r-propylene)-b-(styrene-r-styrene sulfonate)-b-(ethylene-r-propylene)-b-(t-butyl-styrene)) (tBS-EP-SS-EP-tBS; SSPB) pentablock copolymer ionomer and the ionic liquid (IL) 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (BMImTFSI). The SSPB copolymer ionomer had microphase-separated morphology comprising alternating styrene-rich ionic channel regions and aliphatic EP-rich non-ionic regions, on the several tens of nanometers scale (average diameter of ionic channel regions ca. 20 nm), whereas the most commonly used Nafion contained narrow ion clusters of less than 4 nm. The large ionic channels of SSPB enabled better transport of such bulky ions as IL ions, and endowed the SSPB–BMImTFSI membrane with ionic conductivity superior to that of the Nafion–BMImTFSI membrane (SSPB–BMImTFSI: 1.01 × 10−4 S/cm, Nafion–BMImTFSI: 0.49 × 10−4 S/cm). The SSPB–BMImTFSI membrane-based IPMC actuator generated a larger and faster electromechanical response than the Nafion-based IPMC. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

High-performance polymer ionomer–ionic liquid membrane IPMC actuator

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-013-1453-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A high-performance ionic polymer–metal composite (IPMC) actuator based on a polyelectrolyte membrane has been constructed from a poly((t-butyl-styrene)-b-(ethylene-r-propylene)-b-(styrene-r-styrene sulfonate)-b-(ethylene-r-propylene)-b-(t-butyl-styrene)) (tBS-EP-SS-EP-tBS; SSPB) pentablock copolymer ionomer and the ionic liquid (IL) 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (BMImTFSI). The SSPB copolymer ionomer had microphase-separated morphology comprising alternating styrene-rich ionic channel regions and aliphatic EP-rich non-ionic regions, on the several tens of nanometers scale (average diameter of ionic channel regions ca. 20 nm), whereas the most commonly used Nafion contained narrow ion clusters of less than 4 nm. The large ionic channels of SSPB enabled better transport of such bulky ions as IL ions, and endowed the SSPB–BMImTFSI membrane with ionic conductivity superior to that of the Nafion–BMImTFSI membrane (SSPB–BMImTFSI: 1.01 × 10−4 S/cm, Nafion–BMImTFSI: 0.49 × 10−4 S/cm). The SSPB–BMImTFSI membrane-based IPMC actuator generated a larger and faster electromechanical response than the Nafion-based IPMC.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 26, 2013

References

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