High performance of 3D porous graphene/lignin/sodium alginate composite for adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II)

High performance of 3D porous graphene/lignin/sodium alginate composite for adsorption of Cd(II)... A novel adsorbent, three-dimensional porous graphene/lignin/sodium alginate nanocomposite (denoted as 3D PG/L/SA) was fabricated by hydrothermal polymerization of lignin and sodium alginate in the presence of graphene oxide (GO) in an aqueous system. Fourier transform infrared spectra, thermo-gravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were employed to characterize the morphology and structure of this novel functional PG/L/SA nanocomposite. A series of adsorption experiments for cleanup of Cd(II) and Pb(II) were conducted to investigate the effects of lignin and sodium alginate on the graphene structure. It was found that PG/L/SA showed a significant increase in adsorption capacity contrast to porous graphene (PG). The as-prepared material achieved the adsorption capacity for Cd(II) and Pb(II) of 79.88 and 226.24 mg/g, respectively. Meanwhile, the adsorption process matched well with the Langmuir isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Studies were also conducted to demonstrate the applicability of the sorbent to the removal of heavy metal ions from metal smelting wastewater. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science and Pollution Research Springer Journals

High performance of 3D porous graphene/lignin/sodium alginate composite for adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II)

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Environmental Chemistry; Ecotoxicology; Environmental Health; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
ISSN
0944-1344
eISSN
1614-7499
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11356-018-1733-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A novel adsorbent, three-dimensional porous graphene/lignin/sodium alginate nanocomposite (denoted as 3D PG/L/SA) was fabricated by hydrothermal polymerization of lignin and sodium alginate in the presence of graphene oxide (GO) in an aqueous system. Fourier transform infrared spectra, thermo-gravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were employed to characterize the morphology and structure of this novel functional PG/L/SA nanocomposite. A series of adsorption experiments for cleanup of Cd(II) and Pb(II) were conducted to investigate the effects of lignin and sodium alginate on the graphene structure. It was found that PG/L/SA showed a significant increase in adsorption capacity contrast to porous graphene (PG). The as-prepared material achieved the adsorption capacity for Cd(II) and Pb(II) of 79.88 and 226.24 mg/g, respectively. Meanwhile, the adsorption process matched well with the Langmuir isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Studies were also conducted to demonstrate the applicability of the sorbent to the removal of heavy metal ions from metal smelting wastewater.

Journal

Environmental Science and Pollution ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 25, 2018

References

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