Introduction and objectives Checkpoint inhibition has emerged as new therapeutic option in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic role of PD1 and PDL1 expression in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and establish an objective measuring method using RNA quantification. Materials and methods We retrospectively analyzed clinical data and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues (FFPE) of patients with stage pT1 NMIBC who underwent transurethral resection of the bladder. mRNA expression of PD1, PDL1 and CD3 was measured by single step RT-qPCR and correlated to clinicopathological parameters, recurrence-free survival (RFS), progression-free survival (PFS) and carcinoma-specific survival (CSS). Results We have analyzed 334 patients with NMIBC at stage pT1 for mRNA analysis. Data from 296 patients (79% male, median age: 72 years) could be used. Spearman correlation revealed significant associations between mRNA expressions of PD1/PDL1 (ρ: 0.6024, p < 0.0001), CD3/PDL1 (ρ: 0.5728, p < 0.0001) and CD3/PD1 (ρ: 0.7005, p < 0.0001). Kaplan– Meier analysis revealed that high PDL1 mRNA expression (≥ 33.83) is a favorable prognostic factor with regard to better RFS (p = 0.0018), PFS (p = 0.021) and CSS (p = 0.012). Multivariate Cox-regression analysis proved PDL1 expression to be an independent prognosticator for RFS [HR 0.48 (0.31–0.72), p = 0.0005], PFS [HR 0.45 (0.24–0.80), p = 0.0059] and CSS [HR
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 17, 2017
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