The LiFePO4/carbon fiber (LFP/CF) cathodes were prepared by using activated carbon fiber cloth as current collector in place of conventional Al foil. The electrochemical properties of LFP/CF electrodes were analyzed by the cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge tests. The results indicate that the activated carbon fiber cloth with high specific surface area and high porosity makes the LFP/CF electrode that possesses higher mass loading of 18–21 mg cm–2 and stronger redox reaction ability compared with Al foil-based electrode. The LFP/CF electrode shows excellent rate performance and cycle stability. At 0.1C, the discharge capacity is up to 190.1 mAh g–1 that exceeds the theoretical capacity due to the combination effect of battery and capacitor. Furthermore, the LFP/CF electrode shows an initial capacity of 150.4 mAh g–1 at 1C with a capacity retention of 74.7% after 425 cycles, which is higher than 62.4% for LFP/Al foil electrode, and an initial discharge capacity of 130 mAh g–1 at 5C with a capacity retention of 61.5% after 370 cycles. But this composite electrode is not suitable for charging/discharging at higher rate as 10C due to too much mass loading.
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 19, 2016
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