Heterologous expression of a halophilic archaeon manganese superoxide dismutase enhances salt tolerance in transgenic rice

Heterologous expression of a halophilic archaeon manganese superoxide dismutase enhances salt... In order to investigate new gene resource for enhancing rice tolerance to salt stress, manganese superoxide dismutase gene from halophilic archaeon (Natrinema altunense sp.) (NaMnSOD) was isolated and introduced into Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The transformants (L1 and L2) showed some NaMnSOD expression and increased total SOD and CAT activity, which contributed to higher efficiency of ROS elimination under salt stress. The levels of superoxide anion radicals (O 2 ·− ) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were significantly decreased. In addition, they exhibited higher levels of photosynthesis, whereas lower relative ion leakage and MDA content compared to wild-type plants. Therefore, transgenic seedlings were phenotypically healthier, and heterologous expression of NaMnSOD could improve rice salt tolerance. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Heterologous expression of a halophilic archaeon manganese superoxide dismutase enhances salt tolerance in transgenic rice

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443713030059
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In order to investigate new gene resource for enhancing rice tolerance to salt stress, manganese superoxide dismutase gene from halophilic archaeon (Natrinema altunense sp.) (NaMnSOD) was isolated and introduced into Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The transformants (L1 and L2) showed some NaMnSOD expression and increased total SOD and CAT activity, which contributed to higher efficiency of ROS elimination under salt stress. The levels of superoxide anion radicals (O 2 ·− ) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were significantly decreased. In addition, they exhibited higher levels of photosynthesis, whereas lower relative ion leakage and MDA content compared to wild-type plants. Therefore, transgenic seedlings were phenotypically healthier, and heterologous expression of NaMnSOD could improve rice salt tolerance.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 22, 2013

References

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