The first population genetic study of hereditary disorders of the nervous system (HDNS) in Vladimir oblast was carried out. A total of 1622900 subjects, including 1306200 from the urban and 316700 from the rural population, were tested. The population examined was characterized by virtually homogenous ethnic structure, with Russians constituting 95.76%. Pooled prevalence of HDNS in Vladimir oblast corresponded to the average prevalence for other Russian populations. Substantial differences between urban and rural populations in respect of the population load of HDNS and its nosological structure were not observed. A total of 22 nosological forms of HDNS were revealed, including thirteen autosomal dominant (193 families with 272 affected individuals), seven autosomal recessive (59 families with 66 affected individuals), and two X-linked (15 families with 17 affected individuals) diseases. The composition of the HDNS spectrum “nucleus” in Vladimir oblast displayed a number of differences from that in the majority of other populations examined. The HDNS in different regions of the area tested were characterized by different prevalence and spectrum. The data obtained may constitute a basis for regional registration of HDNS in Vladimir oblast.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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