HER2 and TOP2A Gene Amplification and Protein Expression in Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinomas

HER2 and TOP2A Gene Amplification and Protein Expression in Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinomas HER2, a potential target for therapy, has been described to be amplified in urothelial carcinomas. As the topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) gene is located close to the HER2 gene on chromosome 17q12-q21, it is frequently either co-amplified or deleted with HER2 amplification. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact HER2 and TOP2A gene amplification as well as protein expression on outcomes of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). HER2 and TOP2A gene amplification and protein expression were assessed in 81 patients with radical nephroureterectomy for UTUC. Immunohistochemistry and chromogenic in-situ hybridization was performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples. HER2 protein expression was observed in 27/81 (33%) cases, of which 8 cases exhibited amplification of HER2. One of them had an additional polysomy 17, whereas 6/67 HER2 non-amplified cases revealed a polysomy 17. Coamplification of HER2 and TOP2A was found in 4 cases, whereas 3 cases showed only HER2 amplification and 20 cases only TOP2A amplification. HER2 IHC overexpression was associated with higher-grade tumors (p = 0.001), non-organ confined carcinomas (p = 0.017), HER2 amplification (p < 0.00001) and TOP2A amplification (p = 0.016). HER2 amplification was association with higher tumor grade (p = 0.001) and lymphnode metastasis (p = 0.003). TOP2A IHC positivity was significantly associated with higher tumor grade (p = 0.0004), TOP2A amplification (p = 0.0003), polysomy 17 (p = 0.035) and HER2 IHC overexpression (p = 0.28), whereas all categories of tumor stage and HER2 amplification remained not related. TOP2A amplification was significantly more frequent in tumors with higher grade, higher tumor stage, polysomy 17 and distant metastasis (p = 0.015; p = 0.042; p = 0.032; p = 0.011), respectively. In univariate analyses HER2 IHC positivity, TOP2A amplification, and polysomy 17 were associated with poor clinical outcome after surgery. HER2 IHC overexpression and TOP2A amplification are associated with features of biologically aggressive UTUC. Overexpression and/or amplification of HER2 and TOP2A could help identify patients who may benefit from targeted therapy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pathology & Oncology Research Springer Journals

HER2 and TOP2A Gene Amplification and Protein Expression in Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinomas

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/her2-and-top2a-gene-amplification-and-protein-expression-in-upper-ux7V09vWwG
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Arányi Lajos Foundation
Subject
Biomedicine; Cancer Research; Oncology; Pathology; Immunology; Biomedicine, general
ISSN
1219-4956
eISSN
1532-2807
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12253-017-0260-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

HER2, a potential target for therapy, has been described to be amplified in urothelial carcinomas. As the topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) gene is located close to the HER2 gene on chromosome 17q12-q21, it is frequently either co-amplified or deleted with HER2 amplification. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact HER2 and TOP2A gene amplification as well as protein expression on outcomes of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). HER2 and TOP2A gene amplification and protein expression were assessed in 81 patients with radical nephroureterectomy for UTUC. Immunohistochemistry and chromogenic in-situ hybridization was performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples. HER2 protein expression was observed in 27/81 (33%) cases, of which 8 cases exhibited amplification of HER2. One of them had an additional polysomy 17, whereas 6/67 HER2 non-amplified cases revealed a polysomy 17. Coamplification of HER2 and TOP2A was found in 4 cases, whereas 3 cases showed only HER2 amplification and 20 cases only TOP2A amplification. HER2 IHC overexpression was associated with higher-grade tumors (p = 0.001), non-organ confined carcinomas (p = 0.017), HER2 amplification (p < 0.00001) and TOP2A amplification (p = 0.016). HER2 amplification was association with higher tumor grade (p = 0.001) and lymphnode metastasis (p = 0.003). TOP2A IHC positivity was significantly associated with higher tumor grade (p = 0.0004), TOP2A amplification (p = 0.0003), polysomy 17 (p = 0.035) and HER2 IHC overexpression (p = 0.28), whereas all categories of tumor stage and HER2 amplification remained not related. TOP2A amplification was significantly more frequent in tumors with higher grade, higher tumor stage, polysomy 17 and distant metastasis (p = 0.015; p = 0.042; p = 0.032; p = 0.011), respectively. In univariate analyses HER2 IHC positivity, TOP2A amplification, and polysomy 17 were associated with poor clinical outcome after surgery. HER2 IHC overexpression and TOP2A amplification are associated with features of biologically aggressive UTUC. Overexpression and/or amplification of HER2 and TOP2A could help identify patients who may benefit from targeted therapy.

Journal

Pathology & Oncology ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 28, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off