Hepatitis C virus NS2/3 protease regulates HCV IRES-dependent translation and NS5B RdRp activity

Hepatitis C virus NS2/3 protease regulates HCV IRES-dependent translation and NS5B RdRp activity Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection often leads to liver cancer. NS2/3 protease is the first of two virally encoded proteases required for HCV polyprotein processing. In this report, we investigated the function of NS2/3 protease on HCV replication and translation. Cells transfected with plasmids encoding wild-type or mutant NS2/3 and a dual-luciferase reporter construct containing an HCV internal ribosome entry site (IRES) were used to examine the effect of NS2/3 protease on translation of HCV RNA. Cells transfected with plasmids encoding wild-type or mutant NS2/3, pcDNA-NS5B and a reporter plasmid were used to examine the effect of NS2/3 protease on HCV replication. The results showed that both autocleavage processing and the uncleaved form of NS2/3 protease specifically decrease HCV IRES-directed translation, while the uncleaved form of NS2/3 protease decreases HCV NS5B RdRp activity (replication), indicating that autoregulation by NS2/3 protease of HCV replication and translation may play an important role in persistent HCV infection. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Hepatitis C virus NS2/3 protease regulates HCV IRES-dependent translation and NS5B RdRp activity

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-009-0469-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection often leads to liver cancer. NS2/3 protease is the first of two virally encoded proteases required for HCV polyprotein processing. In this report, we investigated the function of NS2/3 protease on HCV replication and translation. Cells transfected with plasmids encoding wild-type or mutant NS2/3 and a dual-luciferase reporter construct containing an HCV internal ribosome entry site (IRES) were used to examine the effect of NS2/3 protease on translation of HCV RNA. Cells transfected with plasmids encoding wild-type or mutant NS2/3, pcDNA-NS5B and a reporter plasmid were used to examine the effect of NS2/3 protease on HCV replication. The results showed that both autocleavage processing and the uncleaved form of NS2/3 protease specifically decrease HCV IRES-directed translation, while the uncleaved form of NS2/3 protease decreases HCV NS5B RdRp activity (replication), indicating that autoregulation by NS2/3 protease of HCV replication and translation may play an important role in persistent HCV infection.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2009

References

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