Hepatitis B virus regulation of Raf1 promoter activity through activation of transcription factor AP-2α

Hepatitis B virus regulation of Raf1 promoter activity through activation of transcription factor... The X protein of hepatitis B virus (HBx) is one of the important factors in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. Raf1 kinase is a central component of many signaling pathways that are involved in normal cell growth and oncogenic transformation. We previously demonstrated that hepatitis B virus regulates Raf1 expression in HepG2.2.15 cells by enhancing its promoter activity and that HBx and HBs might play an important role in this process. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we show that nucleotides −209 to −133 of the Raf1 promoter sequence constitute the core region where hepatitis B virus is regulated. This regulation was found to require the involvement of cis-regulatory element AP-2α. We further demonstrated that AP-2α expression was higher in HepG2.2.15 cells (HBV-expressing cells) than in HepG2 cells in vitro . Silencing AP-2α expression by siRNA significantly inhibited the Raf1 promoter activity in HepG2.2.15 cells. These findings indicated that HBV regulates Raf1 promoter activity, possibly through AP-2α. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Hepatitis B virus regulation of Raf1 promoter activity through activation of transcription factor AP-2α

Loading next page...
Springer Vienna
Copyright © 2013 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial