Class 1 hemoglobins (Hbs) have a wide distribution in the plant kingdom and have been demonstrated in root, seed, stem, and leaf tissues. They are present at low concentrations in aerobic tissue, but their synthesis is rapidly induced by hypoxic stress. The pattern of expression of the maize Hb gene in roots of young maize plants exposed to hypoxia has been examined. Root Hb gene expression increased rapidly to a maximum within first two hours of hypoxia, then declining to prehypoxia levels within 48-h hypoxic exposure. Limiting oxygen supply to the roots by total plant immersion and darkness did not alter the time course of hemoglobin expression. Hb gene expression was about 20-fold higher in the stele than in the cortex of control, aerobically grown roots. Stele Hb expression increased about fourfold under hypoxic conditions, whereas its expression in the cortex increased about 60-fold. In these samples, alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) gene expression increased about four- and ten fold in the stele and cortex, respectively. The effect of the state of the Hb on anoxic survival of maize root tips was assessed by exposing root tips to a carbon monoxide atmosphere to maximize the proportion of hemoglobin in the carbonmonoxy form. Carbon monoxide had no significant effect on the survival or the ATP levels in anoxic maize roots, regardless of whether they had been acclimated by exposure to a hypoxic pretreatment. This would suggest that the presence of oxyhemoglobin is not essential for the survival of anoxic root tips.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 17, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera