The subcellular and cytosolic distribution of Zn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Mn, Cd, and Pb in the digestive gland and kidney of the mussel Crenomytilus grayanus from upwelling areas of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan was studied. Cd, Zn, Pb, and Ni have accumulated in the kidneys of mussels from these areas. When the concentrations of both essential and toxic metals in the mussel organs had increased significantly, their redistribution into the cytosol took place. Gel chromatography of cytosolic proteins in the kidneys of mussels sampled in the area with a strong stationary upwelling revealed metallothioneins. This is uncommon for bivalve mollusks from unpolluted areas. High molecular weight proteins act as preliminary ligands for Cd.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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