Preliminary heating of 15-16-day-old wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants for 3 h at 37–38°C (heat shock, HS) increased the tolerance of photosynthetic electron transport (determined as the reduction of 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol by isolated chloroplasts) toward heating of leaves at 42–48°C in high light (100 klx). At the same time, HS did not affect the activity of the xanthophyll cycle reactions in the 30–48°C temperature range. HS exposure induced an increase in the thylakoid length, the number of grana, and the average number of thylakoids per granum. The volume of the thylakoid system increased 1.4-fold. Such indices as the total content of chlorophylls (a + b), the chlorophyll a/b ratio, as well as the contents of individual carotenoids, chloroplast membrane proteins, and the soluble leaf proteins remained unchanged. The de novo photosynthetic membrane formation was accompanied by the 1.5-fold increase in major chloroplast lipids. It was concluded that, in mature wheat chloroplasts, HS induced the formation of thylakoids characterized by a changed molecular structure and by increased lipid/protein and lipid/chlorophyll ratios.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 24, 2007
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