Heating of wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum L.) for 3 h at 41–42°C (heat hardening) increased the thermal stability of nitrate reductase (NR). After transferring hardened plants to normal temperature, the higher level of thermal stability persisted for 6 days. The heat hardening increased the enzyme stability against the proteolytic effect of trypsin and reduced the rate of NR degradation in extracts. Inhibition of the NR synthesis by transferring plants to a nitrate-free medium resulted in a much lower rate of enzyme degradation in the cells of hardened, as compared to unhardened plants. A short-term heating of seedlings (10 min at 36, 40, and 44°C) increased the ability of NR to reactivate after heat damage. The thermal stability of NR increased only in seedlings that had been hardened at 40 and 44°C, whereas hardening at 36°C did not result in enzyme stabilization. It is concluded that heat hardening (hyperthermia) increases NR stability against a number of inactivating factors (heating, proteolysis,in vitroand in vivo enzyme degradation) and enhances its ability to repair damage induced by heating.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2004
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