Systemic sclerosis is a multi-systemic disease with widespread small-vessel vasculopathy and fibrosis. Involvement of the middle and inner ear and hearing loss has been reported as an uncommon manifestation of scleroderma in some studies. In this study, we evaluated hearing problems in scleroderma patients and determined its association with clinical manifestations and capillaroscopy. We evaluated 54 patients with scleroderma referred to Hafez Hospital clinic of scleroderma related to Shiraz University of Medical Science; they fulfilled the LeRoy and ACR/EULAR criteria for scleroderma. Control group consisted of 60 normal individuals. All clinical manifestations, nail fold capillaroscopy, pure tone audiometry, speech reception threshold, and speech audiometry were recorded during evaluation. Subjective hearing loss and objective hearing loss were seen in 10 and 36 patients of the case group (18.5%, 66.7%) and 6 and 10 of the control group (10%, 28.3%) (P values 0.03, < 0.001). Sensorineural hearing loss, abnormal pure tone audiometry, and abnormal speech reception threshold were more common in scleroderma patients compared to the control group (P values of < 0.001, < 0.001, and < 0.001). There was no correlation between objective hearing loss and type of scleroderma, duration of disease, skin score, interstitial lung disease, digital ulcer, gastrointestinal involvement, or nail fold capillaroscopy patterns (all P values > 0.05). In our study, subjective and objective hearing loss were higher in patients with scleroderma compared to the control group and also sensorineural hearing loss, abnormal pure tone audiometry, and abnormal speech reception threshold. There was no correlation between objective hearing loss and clinical manifestations or capillaroscopy findings.
Clinical Rheumatology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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