The current study aims to investigate the biological roles and clinical significance of HCRP1 in human gastric cancer. The expression pattern of HCRP1 in gastric cancer tissue and adjacent non-cancerous tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. HCRP1 downregulation was found in 57 of 137 human gastric cancer samples and correlated with advanced TNM stage, positive nodal status, and relapse. Log-rank test showed that HCRP1 downregulation also correlated with poor overall survival and reduced relapse-free survival. In addition, we found that HCRP1 overexpression inhibited proliferation, colony formation, and invasion in HGC-27 cells. On the other hand, HCRP1 depletion by small interfering RNA promoted proliferation, colony formation, and invasion in SGC-7901 cells. We also treated gastric cancer cells with cisplatin. MTT and Annexin V/PI analysis were carried out to examine change of chemoresistance. We found that HCRP1 overexpression sensitized HGC-27 cells to cisplatin while its depletion reduced sensitivity in SGC-7901 cells. Moreover, we found that HCRP1 overexpression negatively regulated cyclin D1, MMP-2, p-EGFR, p-ERK, and p-AKT. HCRP1 depletion showed the opposite effects. In conclusion, our results suggest that HCRP1 downregulation might serve as an indicator for poor prognosis in gastric cancer patients. HCRP1 reduces drug resistance through regulation of EGFR-AKT signaling.
Virchows Archiv – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 29, 2017
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