We have used computer modeling to investigate how pancreatic duct cells can secrete a fluid containing near isotonic (∼140 mm) NaHCO3. Experimental data suggest that NaHCO3 secretion occurs in three steps: (i) accumulation of HCO− 3 across the basolateral membrane of the duct cell by Na(HCO3) n cotransporters, Na+/H+ exchangers and proton pumps; (ii) secretion of HCO− 3 across the luminal membrane on Cl−/HCO− 3 antiporters operating in parallel with Cl− channels; and (iii) diffusion of Na+ through the paracellular pathway. Programming the currently available experimental data into our computer model shows that this mechanism for HCO− 3 secretion is deficient in one important respect. While it can produce a relatively large volume of a HCO− 3-rich fluid, it can only raise the luminal HCO− 3 concentration up to about 70 mm. To achieve secretion of 140 mm NaHCO3 by the model it is necessary to: (i) reduce the conductive Cl− permeability and increase the conductive HCO− 3 permeability of the luminal membrane of the duct cell, and (ii) reduce the activity of the luminal Cl−/HCO− 3 antiporters. Under these conditions most of the HCO− 3 is secreted via a conductive pathway. Based on our data, we propose that HCO− 3 secretion occurs mainly by the antiporter in duct segments near the acini (luminal HCO− 3 concentration up to ∼70 mm), but mainly via channels further down the ductal tree (raising luminal HCO− 3 to ∼140 mm).
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 1, 2000
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera