The depolarizing membrane ionic current I h (also known as I f, “f” for funny), encoded by the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic-nucleotide-modulated (HCN1-4) channel gene family, was first discovered in the heart over 25 years ago. Later, I h was also found in neurons, retina, and taste buds. HCN channels structurally resemble voltage-gated K+ (Kv) channels but the molecular features underlying their opposite gating behaviors (activation by hyperpolarization rather than depolarization) and non-selective permeation profiles (≥25 times less selective for K+ than Kv channels) remain largely unknown. Although I h has been functionally linked to biological processes from the autonomous beating of the heart to pain transmission, the underlying mechanistic actions remain largely inferential and, indeed, somewhat controversial due to the slow kinetics and negative operating voltage range relative to those of the bioelectrical events involved (e.g., cardiac pacing). This article reviews the current state of our knowledge in the structure-function properties of HCN channels in the context of their physiological functions and potential HCN-based therapies via bioengineering.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 8, 2007
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera