Mutations of tumor suppressor lgl induce neuroblastoma and malignant transformation of epithelial larval tissues in Drosophila. We have already shown that heterozygotes for lethal null variants lgl/+ are widespread in natural populations. In order to elucidate this paradox, we analyzed the parameters of biological adaptation of the carriers of one dose of the tumor suppressor. We studied the patterns of embryonic survival rate of lgl/+ flies under the conditions of competition for life resources and development at elevated and lowered temperatures (29 and 16°C), influence of stress thermal conditions on longevity, influence of short-term temperature stress during prezygotic period in the course of oogenesis of mothers on survival rate of F1 progenies, and resistance of heterozygotes for different lethal lgl alleles against RNA virus DCV. The loss of one dose of tumor suppressor lgl provided for increased survival rate and longevity of lgl/+ heterozygotes under stress conditions. This phenomenon was called haploadaptivity. Important features of adaptogenesis were established in lgl/+ heterozygotes: dependence on the maternal genotype and critical periods in development. The increased survival rate of F1 progenies was determined already during early oogenesis of their lgl/+ mothers at the proembryo stage. With respect to humans, this conclusion draws attention to the oogenesis-dependent transgeneration aspect of determination and expression of mutant factors of risk, including tumor suppressors. The data obtained are essential for understanding of the causes of spreading null variants for the genes related to multiple pathologies, including cancer, in human populations.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 10, 2007
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