Habitat modification and manipulation as a management tool

Habitat modification and manipulation as a management tool Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 13: 187–199, 2003. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Habitat modification and manipulation as a management tool 1 2 M. Baine &J. Side Motupore Island Research Centre, University of Papua New Guinea, PO Box 320, National Capital District, Papua New Guinea; International Centre for Island Technology, Heriot-Watt University, The Old Academy, Stromness, Orkney Islands, Scotland, KW16 3AW, UK Contents Introduction page 187 Artificial habitat and fisheries enhancement 188 Research Waste materials Fisheries Artificial habitat and environmental protection 192 Artificial habitats and marine ranching 194 Discussion 197 References 198 Introduction marine species. Artificial reefs can be further divided into 3 categories according to their position in the water column: The use and promotion of artificial habitat (or artificial (i) surface floating structures, including mid-water reefs) to establish, enhance and/or protect commercial fish aggregating devices (FADs), used to attract fisheries resources is well documented (Seaman and pelagic finfish and which are often made from Sprague, 1991; Jensen et al., 2000a). The European natural materials such as bamboo and palm Artificial Reef Research Network (EARRN) defini- fronds and deployed in artisanal and subsist- tion of an artificial reef is “a submerged structure ence http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries Springer Journals

Habitat modification and manipulation as a management tool

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Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Zoology
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