Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 13: 187–199, 2003. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Habitat modiﬁcation and manipulation as a management tool 1 2 M. Baine &J. Side Motupore Island Research Centre, University of Papua New Guinea, PO Box 320, National Capital District, Papua New Guinea; International Centre for Island Technology, Heriot-Watt University, The Old Academy, Stromness, Orkney Islands, Scotland, KW16 3AW, UK Contents Introduction page 187 Artiﬁcial habitat and ﬁsheries enhancement 188 Research Waste materials Fisheries Artiﬁcial habitat and environmental protection 192 Artiﬁcial habitats and marine ranching 194 Discussion 197 References 198 Introduction marine species. Artiﬁcial reefs can be further divided into 3 categories according to their position in the water column: The use and promotion of artiﬁcial habitat (or artiﬁcial (i) surface ﬂoating structures, including mid-water reefs) to establish, enhance and/or protect commercial ﬁsh aggregating devices (FADs), used to attract ﬁsheries resources is well documented (Seaman and pelagic ﬁnﬁsh and which are often made from Sprague, 1991; Jensen et al., 2000a). The European natural materials such as bamboo and palm Artiﬁcial Reef Research Network (EARRN) deﬁni- fronds and deployed in artisanal and subsist- tion of an artiﬁcial reef is “a submerged structure ence
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 4, 2004
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