Habit Strength and Adherence to Oral Contraceptives: the Role of Time- and Place-Based Cues

Habit Strength and Adherence to Oral Contraceptives: the Role of Time- and Place-Based Cues Purpose Non-adherence to the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) has been reported by almost half of OCP users. As the efficacy of the OCP requires daily adherence, poor adherence often leads to unplanned pregnancies in women who depend on this method of contraception. This study aims to investigate the association between habit strength and time- and place-based cues in the context of adherence to the OCP. Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire of 245 current OCP users with a mean age of 22.41 years (SD = 4.78) and a range of 18–52 years was conducted. The Self-Report Behavioural Automaticity Index was employed to measure habit strength. The Medication Adherence Report Scale was used and modified to refer to OCP non-adherence specifically. Additional measures were employed to assess the use of time- and place-based cues. Data were analysed using correlational analyses. Results Stronger habit strength was associated with better adherence to the OCP (r = − 0.25, p < .001). Having a fixed time of day to take the OCP was associated with habit strength and OCP adherence. Having a fixed place to store the OCP was associated with habit strength but not with OCP adherence. Conclusions Time- and place-based cues are likely http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Behavioral Medicine Springer Journals

Habit Strength and Adherence to Oral Contraceptives: the Role of Time- and Place-Based Cues

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by International Society of Behavioral Medicine
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Medicine/Public Health, general; Health Psychology; General Practice / Family Medicine
ISSN
1070-5503
eISSN
1532-7558
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12529-018-9729-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Non-adherence to the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) has been reported by almost half of OCP users. As the efficacy of the OCP requires daily adherence, poor adherence often leads to unplanned pregnancies in women who depend on this method of contraception. This study aims to investigate the association between habit strength and time- and place-based cues in the context of adherence to the OCP. Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire of 245 current OCP users with a mean age of 22.41 years (SD = 4.78) and a range of 18–52 years was conducted. The Self-Report Behavioural Automaticity Index was employed to measure habit strength. The Medication Adherence Report Scale was used and modified to refer to OCP non-adherence specifically. Additional measures were employed to assess the use of time- and place-based cues. Data were analysed using correlational analyses. Results Stronger habit strength was associated with better adherence to the OCP (r = − 0.25, p < .001). Having a fixed time of day to take the OCP was associated with habit strength and OCP adherence. Having a fixed place to store the OCP was associated with habit strength but not with OCP adherence. Conclusions Time- and place-based cues are likely

Journal

International Journal of Behavioral MedicineSpringer Journals

Published: May 31, 2018

References

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