H+ ATPase and Cl− Interaction in Regulation of MDCK Cell pH

H+ ATPase and Cl− Interaction in Regulation of MDCK Cell pH MDCK cells display several acid-base transport systems found in intercalated cells, such as Na+-H+ exchange, H+–K+ ATPase and Cl−/HCO− 3 exchange. In this work we studied the functional activity of a vacuolar H+-ATPase in MDCK cells and its chloride dependence. We measured intracellular pH (pHi) in monolayers grown on glass cover slips utilizing the pH sensitive probe BCECF. To analyze the functional activity of the H+ transporters we observed the intracellular alkalinization in response to an acute acid load due to a 20 mm NH+ 4 pulse, and calculated the initial rate of pHi recovery (dpHi/dt). The cells have a basal pHi of 7.17 ± 0.01 (n= 23) and control dpHi/dt of 0.121 ± 0.006 (n= 23) pHi units/min. This pHi recovery rate is markedly decreased when Na+ was removed, to 0.069 ± 0.004 (n= 16). It was further reduced to 0.042 ± 0.005 (n= 12) when concanamycin 4.6 × 10−8 m (a specific inhibitor of the vacuolar H+-ATPase) was added to the zero Na+ solution. When using a solution with zero Na+, low K+ (0.5 mm) plus concanamycin, pHi recovery fell again, significantly, to 0.023 ± 0.006 (n= 14) as expected in the presence of a H+–K+-ATPase. This result was confirmed by the use of 5 × 10−5 m Schering 28080. The Na+ independent pHi recovery was significantly reduced from 0.069 ± 0.004 to 0.042 ± 0.004 (n= 12) when NPPB 10−5 m (a specific blocker of Cl− channels in renal tubules) was utilized. When the cells were preincubated in 0 Cl−/normal Na+ solution for 8 min. before the ammonium pulse, the pHi recovery fell from 0.069 ± 0.004 to 0.041 ± 0.007 (n= 12) in a Na+ and Cl− free solution. From these results we conclude that: (i) MDCK cells have two Na+-independent mechanisms of pHi recovery, a concanamycin sensitive H+-ATPase and a K+ dependent, Schering 28080 sensitive H+–K+ ATPase; and, (ii) pHi recovery in Na+-free medium depends on the presence of a chloride current which can be blocked by NPPB and impaired by preincubation in Cl−–free medium. This finding supports a role for chloride in the function of the H+ ATPase, which might be electrical shunting or a biochemical interaction. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

H+ ATPase and Cl− Interaction in Regulation of MDCK Cell pH

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/h-atpase-and-cl-interaction-in-regulation-of-mdck-cell-ph-bUhZ05SQkN
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900378
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial