Lung lamellar bodies maintain an acidic interior by an energy-dependent process. The acidic pH may affect the packaging of surfactant phospholipids, processing of surfactant proteins, or surfactant protein A-dependent lipid aggregation. The electron-probe microanalysis of lamellar body elemental composition has previously suggested that lamellar bodies contain high levels of calcium some of which may be in ionic form. In this study, we investigated the Ca2+ uptake characteristics in isolated lung lamellar bodies. The uptake of Ca2+ was measured by monitoring changes in the fluorescence of Fluo-3, a Ca2+ indicator dye. The uptake of Ca2+ in lamellar bodies was ATP-dependent and increased with increasing concentrations of Ca2+. At 100 nm Ca2+, the uptake was almost completely inhibited by bafilomycin A1, a selective inhibitor of vacuolar type H+-ATPase, or by NH4Cl, which raises the lamellar body pH, suggesting that the pH gradient regulates the uptake. The uptake of Ca2+ increased as the Ca2+ concentration was increased, but the relative contribution of bafilomycin A1-sensitive uptake decreased. At 700 nm, it comprised only 20% of the total uptake. These results suggest the presence of additional mechanism(s) for uptake at higher Ca2+ concentrations. At 700 nm Ca2+, the rate and extent of uptake were lower in the absence of K+ than in the presence of K+. The inhibitors of Ca2+-activated K+-channels, tetraethylammonium, Penitrem A, and 4-aminopyridine, also inhibited the K+-dependent Ca2+ uptake at 700 nm Ca2+. Thus the uptake of Ca2+ in isolated lung lamellar bodies appears to be regulated by two mechanisms, (i) the H+-gradient and (ii) the K+ transport across the lamellar body membrane. We speculate that lamellar bodies accumulate Ca2+ and contribute to regulation of cytosolic Ca2+ in type II cells under resting and stimulated conditions.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2000
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