Gut Microbiota and IGF-1

Gut Microbiota and IGF-1 Microbiota and their hosts have coevolved for millions of years. Microbiota are not only critical for optimal development of the host under normal physiological growth, but also important to ensure proper host development during nutrient scarcity or disease conditions. A large body of research has begun to detail the mechanism(s) of how microbiota cooperate with the host to maintain optimal health status. One crucial host pathway recently demonstrated to be modulated by microbiota is that of the growth factor insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). Gut microbiota are capable of dynamically modulating circulating IGF-1 in the host, with the majority of data suggesting that microbiota induce host IGF-1 synthesis to influence growth. Microbiota-derived metabolites such as short chain fatty acids are sufficient to induce IGF-1. Whether microbiota induction of IGF-1 is mediated by the difference in growth hormone expression or the host sensitivity to growth hormone is still under investigation. This review summarizes the current data detailing the interaction between gut microbiota, IGF-1 and host development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Calcified Tissue International Springer Journals

Gut Microbiota and IGF-1

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Endocrinology; Orthopedics; Cell Biology
ISSN
0171-967X
eISSN
1432-0827
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00223-018-0395-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Microbiota and their hosts have coevolved for millions of years. Microbiota are not only critical for optimal development of the host under normal physiological growth, but also important to ensure proper host development during nutrient scarcity or disease conditions. A large body of research has begun to detail the mechanism(s) of how microbiota cooperate with the host to maintain optimal health status. One crucial host pathway recently demonstrated to be modulated by microbiota is that of the growth factor insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). Gut microbiota are capable of dynamically modulating circulating IGF-1 in the host, with the majority of data suggesting that microbiota induce host IGF-1 synthesis to influence growth. Microbiota-derived metabolites such as short chain fatty acids are sufficient to induce IGF-1. Whether microbiota induction of IGF-1 is mediated by the difference in growth hormone expression or the host sensitivity to growth hormone is still under investigation. This review summarizes the current data detailing the interaction between gut microbiota, IGF-1 and host development.

Journal

Calcified Tissue InternationalSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 23, 2018

References

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