GTPase activity is not essential for the interferon-inducible MxA protein to inhibit the replication of hepatitis B virus

GTPase activity is not essential for the interferon-inducible MxA protein to inhibit the... Multiple studies have established that GTPase activity is critical for MxA to act against RNA viruses. Recently, it was shown that MxA can also restrict the replication of hepatitis B virus (HBV), a DNA virus, but the requirements for GTPase activity in inhibition of HBV by MxA remain unknown. Here, we report that GTPase-defective mutants (K83A, T103A, and L612K) can downregulate extracellullar HBsAg and HBeAg and reduce the expression of extra- and intracellular HBV DNA in HepG2 cells to levels similar to that achieved by wild-type MxA. Furthermore, TMxA and T103, two nuclear forms of wild-type MxA and a GTPase-defective mutant (T103A) could only slightly decrease the expression of extra- and intracellular HBV DNA in HepG2 cells. In conclusion, GTPase activity is not essential for MxA protein to inhibit HBV replication, and MxA may have only a minimal effect on the replicative cycle of HBV in the nucleus. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

GTPase activity is not essential for the interferon-inducible MxA protein to inhibit the replication of hepatitis B virus

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-008-0168-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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