We examined growth rates of juvenile skipjack tuna using otolith daily increment analysis to clarify geographic differences in early-life stage growth in the western and central Pacific Ocean (WCPO). We used a liner regression model to analyze the relationship between standard length (SL) and age (in days). The slope of growth model was significant difference between regions. There were rapid increases in the otolith mean daily increment width of juveniles at 7 days after hatching (DAH) and 10 DAH in the Western Pacific Warm Pool (WARM) and North Pacific Tropical Gyre area (NPTG), respectively. These periods correspond to the timing at which larvae complete their digestive-system development and start the piscivory. We found significant difference in logarithmic back-calculated SL between WARM and NPTG at 3 DAH (p < 0.01). Mean growth rates until 10 DAH, when the larvae metamorphose into juveniles, were positively correlated with sea surface temperature (r = 0.52). These results indicate that geographic difference in the growth of juvenile skipjack tuna caught in the WCPO in boreal winter cause in the larval stage, and that these differences are related to sea surface temperature.
Environmental Biology of Fishes – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 27, 2017
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