The effects of CO2 concentration (C a) on growth, photosynthesis, and the activity of enzymes associated with the translocation and assimilation of CO2 were studied in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. saccharifera, cv. Ramonskaya) plants. The plants were grown in controlled-climate chamber to the stage of 3–4 leaves and then used in experiments. Experimental plants were exposed in boxes to doubled C a (700 µl/l, 2C plants), whereas control plants were kept in a chamber with ambient atmosphere (350 µl/l, 1C plants). As compared with 1C plants, in 3 and 8 days, the leaf area of 2C plants increased by 14 and 26%, respectively. The rate of their photosynthesis (P n) measured in 3, 6, and 8 days increased by 85, 47, and 52%, respectively, whereas in normal air, the values of P n in 2C plants were by 12, 19, and 15% lower than in 1C plants. After 8-day growth, the content of soluble carbohydrates in the leaves of 2C plants attained 7.2%, being by 80% greater than in 1C plants; the content of starch did not exceed 3%. The total content of chlorophylls a and b in the leaves of 2C plants was by 14% greater than in 1C plants, but their ratio was essentially the same. The level of protein in 2C plants was by 13.4% lower than in 1C plants. The activity and content of Rubisco in 1C and 2C plants were similar. As compared with 1C plants, in 2C plants the activity of soluble carbonic anhydrase (sCA) was lower by 34% in 3 days and by 18% in 8 days; the activity of carbonic anhydrase of membrane preparations (mCA), was lower by 24 and 77%, respectively. Catalase activity in 2C plants became by 8% lower than in 1C plants only after 8 days. A reduction in the photosynthetic ability of 2C plants in ambient atmosphere, a decrease in activity of sCA and, especially, of mCA observed together with invariable activity and content of Rubisco in the leaf extracts are interpreted as early symptoms of acclimation of young plants of sugar beet to elevated CO2.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 7, 2005
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