The effects of selenium (0.01, 0.5, 1, 5 and 10 mg/liter) on the growth and ultrastructure of the microalga Dunaliella salina were investigated following its transfer into clean water. Selenium concentrations of 5 and 10 mg/liter were toxic to D. salina, and reinoculation of microalga into clean water did not prevent it from total mortality. When reinoculated from medium with 0.01 mg Se/liter, the cell population density of D. salina was restored in 14 days. The number of ultrastructural alterations in cells was the same as in the control, while the excretory activity of microalga between days 4 and 10 of this experiment was higher. Cell population growth of D. salina transferred from 0.5 and 1 mg Se/liter was lower than in the control. No ultrastructural defects were observed in microalga reinoculated from medium with a selenium concentration of 0.5 mg/liter and the excretion level corresponded to that at 0.01 mg/liter. Various types of ultrastructural damage were found in microalga from medium with 1 mg Se/liter, which was previously reported to be threshold for D. salina; however, the number of cell injuries decreased with increasing time in clean medium. Excretory activity was decreased at the beginning of experiment; but after 7 days, it was restored to the control level. Though there were no ultrastructural alterations in microalgal cells from medium with 0.5 mg Se/liter, we assume that they had molecular defects that could inhibit the cell population growth. The study of microalgae following their reinoculation from medium containing toxicants into clean medium can be a useful method for evaluating algal survival after toxic exposure.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 12, 2007
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