Growth and biosynthetic characteristics of ginseng (Panax japonicus var. repens) deep-tank cell culture in bioreactors

Growth and biosynthetic characteristics of ginseng (Panax japonicus var. repens) deep-tank cell... The aim of the work was to study the growth characteristics of cultured cells of Panax japonicus var. repens, an endemic plant of the Primorski Krai of Russia, grown in laboratory bioreactors and to determine the content of basic ginsenosides under these conditions. An increase of the inoculum size of the culture produced higher biomass accumulation and economic coefficient but slightly reduced the specific growth rate. An increase in the auxin concentration in a medium by adding 2,4-D practically did not affect growth characteristics of the culture but significantly reduced the size of cell aggregates. In all treatments tested, all major ginsenosides (Rb1, Rc, Rb2, Rd, Rf, Rg1, and Re) were found in the culture. The total ginsenoside content was 2–3% per biomass dry weight. Meantime, ginsenosides of the Rg-series with protopanaxatriol as aglycone prevailed (70% of the total ginsenoside content). The culture conditions considerably affected the ratio of individual ginsenosides. In 2,4-D-containing medium, the preferential synthesis of Re ginsenoside was observed while both Rg1 and Re were synthesized in other treatments. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Growth and biosynthetic characteristics of ginseng (Panax japonicus var. repens) deep-tank cell culture in bioreactors

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443706010171
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The aim of the work was to study the growth characteristics of cultured cells of Panax japonicus var. repens, an endemic plant of the Primorski Krai of Russia, grown in laboratory bioreactors and to determine the content of basic ginsenosides under these conditions. An increase of the inoculum size of the culture produced higher biomass accumulation and economic coefficient but slightly reduced the specific growth rate. An increase in the auxin concentration in a medium by adding 2,4-D practically did not affect growth characteristics of the culture but significantly reduced the size of cell aggregates. In all treatments tested, all major ginsenosides (Rb1, Rc, Rb2, Rd, Rf, Rg1, and Re) were found in the culture. The total ginsenoside content was 2–3% per biomass dry weight. Meantime, ginsenosides of the Rg-series with protopanaxatriol as aglycone prevailed (70% of the total ginsenoside content). The culture conditions considerably affected the ratio of individual ginsenosides. In 2,4-D-containing medium, the preferential synthesis of Re ginsenoside was observed while both Rg1 and Re were synthesized in other treatments.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 24, 2006

References

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