Growing depth limit of Zostera caulescens in coastal waters along the Japan Sea coast of Honshu, Japan

Growing depth limit of Zostera caulescens in coastal waters along the Japan Sea coast of Honshu,... There is a possibility that deep coastal marine macrophytes will be less critically affected by thermal stress associated with climate change and remain as refugia. Thus, information on them is expected to contribute to conservation of biodiversity in coastal areas affected by climate change. To document the deep-growing Zostera caulescens in relation to the light environment, field surveys were conducted in coastal waters of the central area along the Japan Sea coast of Honshu, Japan, and then the relationship between the light environment and seagrass depth limit was examined. In the coastal waters of Sado Island and Noto Peninsula, the presence of deep coastal communities of Z. caulescens was confirmed in the depth range of 20–25 m. Biomass and shoot density for Z. caulescens, ranging 34.1–51.3 g DW m−2 and 83–112 shoots m−2, were recorded at a depth of 20 m in Ryotsu Bay, Sado Island. For the genus Zostera including the deep-growing Z. caulescens, the relation between the extinction coefficient and seagrass depth limit was described by the fitted regression equation. The minimum light requirement of the deep-growing Z. caulescens was markedly lower than that of the shallow-growing Zostera marina. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Fisheries Science Springer Journals

Growing depth limit of Zostera caulescens in coastal waters along the Japan Sea coast of Honshu, Japan

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
Subject
Life Sciences; Fish & Wildlife Biology & Management; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Food Science
ISSN
0919-9268
eISSN
1444-2906
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12562-017-1128-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

There is a possibility that deep coastal marine macrophytes will be less critically affected by thermal stress associated with climate change and remain as refugia. Thus, information on them is expected to contribute to conservation of biodiversity in coastal areas affected by climate change. To document the deep-growing Zostera caulescens in relation to the light environment, field surveys were conducted in coastal waters of the central area along the Japan Sea coast of Honshu, Japan, and then the relationship between the light environment and seagrass depth limit was examined. In the coastal waters of Sado Island and Noto Peninsula, the presence of deep coastal communities of Z. caulescens was confirmed in the depth range of 20–25 m. Biomass and shoot density for Z. caulescens, ranging 34.1–51.3 g DW m−2 and 83–112 shoots m−2, were recorded at a depth of 20 m in Ryotsu Bay, Sado Island. For the genus Zostera including the deep-growing Z. caulescens, the relation between the extinction coefficient and seagrass depth limit was described by the fitted regression equation. The minimum light requirement of the deep-growing Z. caulescens was markedly lower than that of the shallow-growing Zostera marina.

Journal

Fisheries ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 12, 2017

References

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