Ground vortex aerodynamics under crosswind conditions

Ground vortex aerodynamics under crosswind conditions An experimental study was performed to investigate ground vortex formation under crosswind conditions using stereoscopic particle image velocimetry and in-duct total pressure measurements. The effect of velocity ratio, non-dimensional height, approaching boundary layer thickness and yaw angle are assessed using vortex strength and in-duct distortion descriptors. The flow-field is characterized by a single ground vortex which increases in strength as the velocity ratio is reduced. The vortex characteristics depend on the ground clearance with a stronger vortex observed at lower intake heights. For a high ground clearance, the vortex strength reaches a local maximum before reducing towards zero as the capture streamtube no longer interacts with the ground plane. At a low ground clearance, the vortex strength is strong enough to induce a lip separation. The approaching boundary layer thickness has no notable influence on the vortex characteristics. Reducing the intake yaw angle from a crosswind to a headwind configuration leads to a monotonic decrease in vortex strength with the data following a sin3(ψ) relationship, where ψ is the yaw angle. The distortion coefficient was also monotonic with yaw angle; however, the dependence was sin6(ψ). Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Ground vortex aerodynamics under crosswind conditions

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Copyright © 2010 by Springer-Verlag
Engineering; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Fluid Dynamics
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