Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 33, No. 3, 2002, pp. 212–215. Translated from Ekologiya, No. 3, 2002, pp. 228–231. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2002 by Martynenko. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS Ground Fires as a Factor of Maintenance of Pine–Larch Forests in the Southern Urals V. B. Martynenko Institute of Biology, Ufa Scientiﬁc Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, pr. Oktyabrya 69, Ufa, 450054 Bashkortostan, Russia Received January 26, 2001 Key words: the Southern Urals, pine–larch forests, ground ﬁres, regrowth, ecosystem stability. It is well known that ﬁres not only destroy plant The ecological series described above is an ideal communities and ecosystems, but can also be a normal model for estimating the inﬂuence of the pyrogenic fac- ecological factor of their sustainable existence. There is tor on the stability of ecosystems of light coniferous a series of “pyrogenic” ecosystem types that cannot forests. The reserve has plant communities that are exist without ﬁres (the Mediterranean vegetation com- analogous to those comprising the ﬁrst four forest posed of xeromorphic shrubs, Australian scrubby euca- types. Of these communities, some were exposed to a lyptus forests known as mallee, etc.). Of the communi- surface ﬁre in 1975 and some were not. In the latter,
Russian Journal of Ecology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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