Detection of immature green citrus fruit is important during the early life cycle of citrus fruit. It allows growers to manage citrus groves more efficiently and maximize yields by identifying expected fruit yields well in advance before harvesting. It also helps the growers prepare harvesting equipment and pickers for the harvesting operation. A novel technique was developed for detecting immature green citrus fruit from an outdoor color image and counting number of fruits. This technique is unique in that it is the first known attempt towards exploring it on green citrus fruits. A set of 71 images containing immature green citrus fruit was acquired in an experimental citrus grove at the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. An algorithm was developed using a set of 11 training images by calculating the fast Fourier transform leakage values for fruit and leaves. A threshold value was obtained by comparing the percent leakage of fruit and other objects. The algorithm was tested on a set of 60 validation images. The correct total fruit count for a validation set came out to be 120, whereas the actual number of fruit was 146. The overall correct detection rate was 82.2 %. The proposed algorithm can be further improved to help growers manage their grove more efficiently.
Precision Agriculture – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 22, 2012
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