Green certification, heterogeneous producers, and green consumers: a welfare analysis of environmental regulations

Green certification, heterogeneous producers, and green consumers: a welfare analysis of... We develop a vertical differentiation model to analyze welfare implications of environmental policies in a competitive market with production and consumption heterogeneity. Consumers with heterogeneous preferences choose between non-green and certified green products, while producers with heterogeneous production costs decide whether to engage in green production. In order for green products to be recognized by consumers, producers must join a green club. Key findings are summarized as follows. (i) The number of green producers, environmental standard, and overall welfare under the market solution are all socially sub-optimal. (ii) The introduction of a subsidy policy for greener production and standards is shown to increase social welfare, but is not Pareto optimal. (iii) A dual policy, which combines abatement subsidizes for a greener production standard and a tax charge for green certification, is shown to be the Pareto-optimal outcome. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Regulatory Economics Springer Journals

Green certification, heterogeneous producers, and green consumers: a welfare analysis of environmental regulations

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Economics; Industrial Organization; Public Finance; Microeconomics
ISSN
0922-680X
eISSN
1573-0468
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11149-017-9339-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We develop a vertical differentiation model to analyze welfare implications of environmental policies in a competitive market with production and consumption heterogeneity. Consumers with heterogeneous preferences choose between non-green and certified green products, while producers with heterogeneous production costs decide whether to engage in green production. In order for green products to be recognized by consumers, producers must join a green club. Key findings are summarized as follows. (i) The number of green producers, environmental standard, and overall welfare under the market solution are all socially sub-optimal. (ii) The introduction of a subsidy policy for greener production and standards is shown to increase social welfare, but is not Pareto optimal. (iii) A dual policy, which combines abatement subsidizes for a greener production standard and a tax charge for green certification, is shown to be the Pareto-optimal outcome.

Journal

Journal of Regulatory EconomicsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 22, 2017

References

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