Grain breakage under uniaxial compression using a three-dimensional discrete element method

Grain breakage under uniaxial compression using a three-dimensional discrete element method Grain breakage in rockfill in civil engineering structures is the major cause responsible for settlement and collapse. It is inherently due to large grain size and angular shape of the grains. To model these features, a three-dimensional discrete element model of a breakable grain is presented hereafter. The model is able to reproduce grain breakage into rigid irregular fragments with conservation of the mass of the initial grain. Polyhedral shapes are chosen to represent the grains, and are divided into irregular tetrahedral fragments joined together by a cohesive law to enable breakage. This model is implemented in a Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics code. Single grain crushing tests are first conducted to capture the influence of mechanical and geometrical parameters of the model. The intra-granular cohesion defines the grain strength. The grain size and the size and geometrical disposition of subgrains can act in a competitive way, thus contributing to the definition of the grain strength, and in the validation of the scale of effect observed in this type of material: the bigger the grain, the lower its strength. The same grain model is then used to generate multi granular samples subjected to oedometric compression, where grains interact via contact and friction processes, with a uniform initial grain size distribution. The effects of grain breakage are investigated through the analysis on the macroscopic and microscopic scales, with a comparison with unbreakable grains samples. The ability of the model to reproduce physical laboratory tests is confirmed through the simulations. Granular Matter Springer Journals

Grain breakage under uniaxial compression using a three-dimensional discrete element method

Loading next page...
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Physics; Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Materials Science, general; Geoengineering, Foundations, Hydraulics; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial