Purpose Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) limits the dose of chemotherapy and reduces patients’ quality of life. Goshajinkigan is a Japanese herbal medicine used to alleviate neuropathy and general pain. A clinical guideline for prevention and management of CIPN stated that the prophylactic efficacy of goshajinkigan against CIPN was inconclusive. We conducted a systematic review to examine whether goshajinkigan prevents CIPN in patients receiving neurotoxic chemotherapy. Methods We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Ichushi, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for eligible trials. Randomized controlled trials that examined the efficacy and safety of goshajinkigan for prevention of CIPN were included. Our primary outcomes were incidence of CIPN, response to chemotherapy, and adverse effects. We pooled data using a random effects model. Results We analyzed five trials involving a total of 397 patients. When evaluated with Neurotoxicity Criteria of Debiopharm, goshajinkigan was associated with reduced incidence of CIPN of grade ≥ 1 (risk ratio [RR] 0.43; 95% CI, 0.27 to 0.66) and grade 3 (RR 0.42; 95% CI, 0.25 to 0.71), but this beneficial association was not found for grade ≥ 2 of CIPN. Goshajinkigan was not associated with reduced incidence of CIPN when assessed with the National Cancer Institute Common
Supportive Care in Cancer – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 26, 2017
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