Going Back Part-time: Family Leave Legislation and Women’s Return to Work

Going Back Part-time: Family Leave Legislation and Women’s Return to Work Using a multinomial logit model with data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, this paper tests whether the implementation of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is associated with an increase in return to work at part-time status among first-time mothers working full-time during their pregnancy. I find a statistically significant trend of increasingly higher odds of returning to work at part-time status relative to return at full-time status, beginning in 1993 (the year in which the FMLA is implemented). Furthermore, an additional week of either state or federal leave is significantly associated with a higher odds of return at part-time status. This article provides evidence that job protection and leave legislation may help facilitate higher levels of labor force participation among women with small children, through more flexible work arrangements. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Population Research and Policy Review Springer Journals

Going Back Part-time: Family Leave Legislation and Women’s Return to Work

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Social Sciences; Demography; Sociology, general; Population Economics
ISSN
0167-5923
eISSN
1573-7829
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11113-011-9221-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Using a multinomial logit model with data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, this paper tests whether the implementation of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is associated with an increase in return to work at part-time status among first-time mothers working full-time during their pregnancy. I find a statistically significant trend of increasingly higher odds of returning to work at part-time status relative to return at full-time status, beginning in 1993 (the year in which the FMLA is implemented). Furthermore, an additional week of either state or federal leave is significantly associated with a higher odds of return at part-time status. This article provides evidence that job protection and leave legislation may help facilitate higher levels of labor force participation among women with small children, through more flexible work arrangements.

Journal

Population Research and Policy ReviewSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 12, 2011

References

  • The effects of maternity leave legislation on mothers’ labor supply after childbirth
    Baum, C. L.
  • The retrospective measurement of prenatal and perinatal events: accuracy of maternal recall
    Buka, S. L.; Goldstein, J. M.; Spartos, E.; Tsuang, M. T.
  • From mill town to board room: The rise of women’s paid labor
    Costa, D. L.

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