P1: vendor/GCZ P2: FOM/FJQ QC: FOM
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment [saj] PP021-290753 December 6, 2000 16:35 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2001
Goal Attainment Scaling with Sexual Offenders:
A Measure of Clinical Impact at Posttreatment
and at Community Follow-Up
Tania Simone Stirpe,
Robin J. Wilson,
and Carmen Long
The impact of cognitive–behavioral interventions was assessed for 28 low–
moderate risk and 20 high-risk sexual offenders on conditional release to the
Greater Toronto Area. Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS—T. Hogue, 1994) for sex-
ual offenders was usedtorateclinical and motivational elements oftreatment taken
from reports written at pretreatment, posttreatment, and after 3 months of com-
munity follow-up. Results indicated that both groups of offenders beneﬁted from
treatment,although low–moderateriskoffenders showedconsistently better results
on all measures. Performance along nonrelapse prevention related dimensions in-
creased from pretreatment to posttreatment and remained relatively steady in the
community. Relapse prevention related treatment components showed a steady in-
creasefrom pretreatment throughout follow-upin thecommunity for low–moderate
risk offenders, but not for high-risk offenders. Both groups improved substantially
in level of motivation from pretreatment to posttreatment; however, only those in
the low–moderate risk group maintained their motivation levels once released to
the community. These results are discussed with respect to the effectiveness of
cognitive–behavioral treatment of sexual offenders.
KEY WORDS: sexual offenders; motivation; goal attainment scaling; relapse prevention.
The factors that contribute to sexual offending,and the therapeutic techniques
that are effective at changing offending behavior, have been extensively studied in
recent years. There is a growing consensus in the literature that the most effective
Correctional Service of Canada, Central Ontario District (Parole), Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
To whom correspondence should be addressed at Correctional Service of Canada, 330 Keele Street,
Main Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6P 2K7.
2001 Plenum Publishing Corporation