Curr Trop Med Rep (2017) 4:166–171 DOI 10.1007/s40475-017-0114-6 NUTRITION (K SCHLOSSER MONTES, SECTION EDITOR) 1 2 Geovani Palma & Lucia Gutiérrez-Spillari Published online: 10 July 2017 Springer International Publishing AG 2017 Abstract Introduction Purpose of Review Glycemic alterations are highly prevalent in HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected patients. Our purpose Diabetes mellitus (DM) is becoming more common. From was to review the etiology, diagnosis, and management of 1980 through 2014, the number of Americans with the dis- dysglycemia to improve the treatment in the HIV population. ease, increased fourfold, from 5.5 million to 22.0 million . Recent Findings Fourteen percent of HIV patients have dia- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), on the other hand, betes. Etiology factors can be divided in environmental factors decreased its prevalence, dropping 19% of new diagnoses (weight, age, smoking), as well as factors merely associated to from 2005 to 2014 . Nevertheless, DM prevalence esti- HIV, such as viral effects, growth hormone deficiency, antire- mates in HIV-infected patients is up to 14% [3�� ]. This in- troviral therapy, lipodystrophy, hepatic steatosis, and hepatitis creased number of unexpected consequences of chronic ill- C co-infection. Diabetes diagnosis is comparable to those un- ness has been seen since the introduction
Current Tropical Medicine Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 10, 2017
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