Glutathione S-transferase is a group of multifunctional enzymes important in the metabolism of xenobiotics. GSTT1 and GSTM1 are polymorphic in human populations. Since a relation between polymorphism and cancer susceptibility has been found, their distribution in human populations is of great interest. In the present study the distribution of GSTT1 and GSTM1 genotypes was studied in a total sample of 252 individuals of three localities of northwest Italy (Postua, Cavaglià, and Biella) by PCR test. The frequencies of GSTT1 and GSTM1 “null” genotypes were respectively 7.94 and 34.92%. There are no significant differences between the populations studied in the GSTT1 “null” genotypes. On the other hand, for GSTM1 the frequency of gene deletion in Postua (25.5%) differs significantly (P < 0.01; χ2 test) from that of Biella (46.32%), which on the other hand approaches the values indicated by most studies for Europeans (about 50%). The analysis of the frequencies of GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms among different age groups showed a lower frequency of negative genotypes in the older group, although not statistically confirmed.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 28, 2007
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