Glutathione Modulates Ca2+ Influx and Oxidative Toxicity Through TRPM2 Channel in Rat Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons

Glutathione Modulates Ca2+ Influx and Oxidative Toxicity Through TRPM2 Channel in Rat Dorsal Root... Glutathione (GSH) is the most abundant thiol antioxidant in mammalian cells and maintains thiol redox in the cells. GSH depletion has been implicated in the neurobiology of sensory neurons. Because the mechanisms that lead to melastatin-like transient receptor potential 2 (TRPM2) channel activation/inhibition in response to glutathione depletion and 2-aminoethyldiphenyl borinate (2-APB) administration are not understood, we tested the effects of 2-APB and GSH on oxidative stress and buthionine sulfoximine (BSO)-induced TRPM2 cation channel currents in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rats. DRG neurons were freshly isolated from rats and the neurons were incubated for 24 h with BSO. In whole-cell patch clamp experiments, TRPM2 currents in the rat were consistently induced by H2O2 or BSO. TRPM2 channels current densities and cytosolic free Ca2+ content of the neurons were higher in BSO and H2O2 groups than in control. However, the current densities and cytosolic Ca2+ release were also higher in the BSO + H2O2 group than in the H2O2 alone. When intracellular GSH is introduced by pipette TRPM2 channel currents were not activated by BSO, H2O2 or rotenone. BSO and H2O2-induced Ca2+ gates were blocked by the 2-APB. Glutathione peroxidase activity, lipid peroxidation and GSH levels in the DRG neurons were also modulated by GSH and 2-APB inhibition. In conclusion, we observed the protective role of 2-APB and GSH on Ca2+ influx through a TRPM2 channel in intracellular GSH depleted DRG neurons. Since cytosolic glutathione depletion is a common feature of neuropathic pain and diseases of sensory neuron, our findings are relevant to the etiology of neuropathology in DRG neurons. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Glutathione Modulates Ca2+ Influx and Oxidative Toxicity Through TRPM2 Channel in Rat Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-011-9382-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Glutathione (GSH) is the most abundant thiol antioxidant in mammalian cells and maintains thiol redox in the cells. GSH depletion has been implicated in the neurobiology of sensory neurons. Because the mechanisms that lead to melastatin-like transient receptor potential 2 (TRPM2) channel activation/inhibition in response to glutathione depletion and 2-aminoethyldiphenyl borinate (2-APB) administration are not understood, we tested the effects of 2-APB and GSH on oxidative stress and buthionine sulfoximine (BSO)-induced TRPM2 cation channel currents in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rats. DRG neurons were freshly isolated from rats and the neurons were incubated for 24 h with BSO. In whole-cell patch clamp experiments, TRPM2 currents in the rat were consistently induced by H2O2 or BSO. TRPM2 channels current densities and cytosolic free Ca2+ content of the neurons were higher in BSO and H2O2 groups than in control. However, the current densities and cytosolic Ca2+ release were also higher in the BSO + H2O2 group than in the H2O2 alone. When intracellular GSH is introduced by pipette TRPM2 channel currents were not activated by BSO, H2O2 or rotenone. BSO and H2O2-induced Ca2+ gates were blocked by the 2-APB. Glutathione peroxidase activity, lipid peroxidation and GSH levels in the DRG neurons were also modulated by GSH and 2-APB inhibition. In conclusion, we observed the protective role of 2-APB and GSH on Ca2+ influx through a TRPM2 channel in intracellular GSH depleted DRG neurons. Since cytosolic glutathione depletion is a common feature of neuropathic pain and diseases of sensory neuron, our findings are relevant to the etiology of neuropathology in DRG neurons.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 12, 2011

References

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