Glucose enhances rotavirus enterotoxin-induced intestinal chloride secretion

Glucose enhances rotavirus enterotoxin-induced intestinal chloride secretion Rotavirus causes severe diarrhea in small children and is typically treated using glucose-containing oral rehydration solutions; however, glucose may have a detrimental impact on these patients, because it increases chloride secretion and presumably water loss. The rotavirus enterotoxin nonstructural protein 4 (NSP4) directly inhibits glucose-mediated sodium absorption. We examined the effects of NSP4 and glucose on sodium and chloride transport in mouse small intestines and Caco-2 cells. Mouse small intestines and Caco-2 cells were incubated with NSP4114–135 in the presence/absence of glucose. Absorption and secretion of sodium and chloride, fluid movement, peak amplitude of intracellular calcium fluorescence, and expression of Ano1 and sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 were assessed. NHE3 activity increased, and chloride secretory activity decreased with age. Net chloride secretion increased, and net sodium absorption decreased in the intestines of 3-week-old mice compared to 8-week-old mice with NSP4. Glucose increased NSP4-stimulated chloride secretion. Glucose increased NSP4-stimulated increase in short-circuit current measurements (I sc) and net chloride secretion. Ano1 cells with siRNA knockdown showed a significant difference in I sc in the presence of NSP4 and glucose without a significant difference in peak calcium fluorescence intracellular when compared to non-silencing (N.S.) cells. The failure of glucose to stimulate significant sodium absorption was likely due to the inhibition of sodium-hydrogen exchange and sodium-glucose cotransport by NSP4. Since glucose enhances intestinal chloride secretion and fails to increase sodium absorption in the presence of NSP4, glucose-based oral rehydration solutions may not be ideal for the management of rotaviral diarrhea. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of Physiology Springer Journals

Glucose enhances rotavirus enterotoxin-induced intestinal chloride secretion

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/glucose-enhances-rotavirus-enterotoxin-induced-intestinal-chloride-p0jgn3IReA
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Physiology; Molecular Medicine; Neurosciences; Cell Biology; Receptors
ISSN
0031-6768
eISSN
1432-2013
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00424-017-1987-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Rotavirus causes severe diarrhea in small children and is typically treated using glucose-containing oral rehydration solutions; however, glucose may have a detrimental impact on these patients, because it increases chloride secretion and presumably water loss. The rotavirus enterotoxin nonstructural protein 4 (NSP4) directly inhibits glucose-mediated sodium absorption. We examined the effects of NSP4 and glucose on sodium and chloride transport in mouse small intestines and Caco-2 cells. Mouse small intestines and Caco-2 cells were incubated with NSP4114–135 in the presence/absence of glucose. Absorption and secretion of sodium and chloride, fluid movement, peak amplitude of intracellular calcium fluorescence, and expression of Ano1 and sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 were assessed. NHE3 activity increased, and chloride secretory activity decreased with age. Net chloride secretion increased, and net sodium absorption decreased in the intestines of 3-week-old mice compared to 8-week-old mice with NSP4. Glucose increased NSP4-stimulated chloride secretion. Glucose increased NSP4-stimulated increase in short-circuit current measurements (I sc) and net chloride secretion. Ano1 cells with siRNA knockdown showed a significant difference in I sc in the presence of NSP4 and glucose without a significant difference in peak calcium fluorescence intracellular when compared to non-silencing (N.S.) cells. The failure of glucose to stimulate significant sodium absorption was likely due to the inhibition of sodium-hydrogen exchange and sodium-glucose cotransport by NSP4. Since glucose enhances intestinal chloride secretion and fails to increase sodium absorption in the presence of NSP4, glucose-based oral rehydration solutions may not be ideal for the management of rotaviral diarrhea.

Journal

Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 10, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off