Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 38, No. 8, 2002, p. 988. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 38, No. 8, 2002, pp. 1167–1168. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2002 by Korochkin. CHRONICLE Georgii Viktorovich Lopashov: On His 90th Birthday by Georgii Viktorovich with particular warmth. After 1948, the Institute of Experimental Biology was united with the Severtsov Institute of Morphology, where Lopashov received his doctoral degree. In 1965, the Institute of Developmental Biology was founded under the directorship of Academician B.L. Astaurov. Lopashov was nominated as head of a laboratory in this Institute. In 1980, he and his team moved to the Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, and then to the newly organized Institute of Gene Biology, where he is currently successfully working. Georgii Lopashov has written classical studies including a number of monographs on topical problems of experimental embryology. Few people know that Lopashov developed the method of nucleus transplan- tation, the elaboration of which led to cloning of mam- mals long before Briggs and King who are given the credit for it. In the spring of 1948, he wrote an overview of the results of his experiments, but in August 1948, the infamous VASKhNIL session took place, and the paper never appeared in print. However, the traces of his work have remained as an abstract in the Abstracts of the Georgii Viktorovich Lopashov, an outstanding Rus- Studies of the Biological Division of the USSR Academy of sian embryologist, has celebrated his 90th birthday. His Sciences (Moscow, 1945, pp. 88–89) and in Doklady of whole life has been devoted to science. His works on the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Comptes Rendus de biology and genetics of development have made a valu- l’Academie des Scences de l’URSS, 1948, vol. LII, no. 4). able contribution to world science and are widely The studies by Briggs and King on nucleus transplantation known in Russia and abroad. Georgii Lopashov was appeared only in 1952, seven years after the ﬁrst publica- born in Moscow on May 17, 1912. He grew up and tion by Lopashov. studied during the difﬁcult times of Bolshevik dictator- ship. Although having a brilliant gift for music, he Many developmental biology textbooks published could not obtain a musical education and turned to sci- beyond Russia mention “Lopashov’s operation,” which ence instead. After graduation from high school, he had is still used for studying mechanisms of embryonic to start earning his living. Then, an important event induction. Lopashov was among the ﬁrst authors who happened in his life. He entered the Biological Labora- described the fundamental law of minimal mass play- tory headed by Yu.M. Vermel’ as a lab assistant where ing an important part in primary embryonic induction. he received good schooling and was recommended for Finally, several years prior to F. Barnett, Lopashov studying development mechanics to D.P. Filatov, one of formulated in general terms the hypothesis of ontoge- the founders of Russian experimental biology. In 1929, netic tissue incompatibility elimination using an exper- Lopashov tried to enter Moscow State University but imental embryological method. was rejected as an “alien class element.” However, due Georgii Lopashov is a Professor and a Doctor of to the patronage of Vermel’ (who was later sent to Biological Sciences. He is a member of the Academy of GULAG), he managed to take a course of studies at this Sciences of Finland, Honorary Soros Professor, and a University and then was taken in the Institute of Exper- mentor of numerous students and followers. imental Morphogenesis (Ostankino) as a laboratory Georgii Viktorovich meets his 90th birthday at a assistant. On January 16, 1933, Lopashov shifted to the peak of his creative potential. He is full of ideas and famous Institute of Experimental Biology of Narko- plans and, as always, actively at work. We wish him mzdrav headed by the great biologist N.K. Kol’tsov. He health and more creative achievements! joined the laboratory headed by Filatov and, later, by V.V. Popov. The years in this Institute are remembered L. Korochkin 1022-7954/02/3808-0988$27.00 © 2002 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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