To elucidate the contributions of rice root morphology and phosphorus uptake kinetics to P uptake by rice from iron phosphate, a sand culture experiment with either sufficient P supply (control treatment, 10 mg P/l as NaH2PO4) or Fe-P as the only source of P (40 mg P/pot as FePO4 × 4H2O) and a solution culture experiment supplied with either sufficient P (10 mg P/l) or deficient P (0.5 mg P/l) were conducted. Eight rice cultivars, which differed in P uptake from Fe-P, were investigated. Plant P uptake, root morphology, and P uptake kinetics were determined. There were significant (P < 0.05) genotypic variations in both plant dry weight and P uptake per plant among eight rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars when supplied with Fe-P as the P source. The Fe-P treatment significantly (P < 0.05) decreased plant dry weight, P uptake per plant, and P concentration in plant dry matter of all cultivars in comparison with the control plants. In Fe-P treated plants, significant (P < 0.05) genotypic variation was shown in root morphology, including root length, surface area, volume, and number of lateral roots. The P uptake per plant from Fe-P by rice was significantly (P < 0.05) correlated with root surface area and root volume as well as with the number of lateral roots, suggesting that the ability of rice to absorb P from Fe-P was closely related to root morphology. Low P supply in solution significantly increased the I max (P < 0.05), but significantly decreased the K M (P < 0.05) for P absorption by all rice cultivars. We supposed that kinetic characteristics of root P uptake could not account for the ability of rice to absorb P from Fe-P.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 20, 2007
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