Genotypic and pathogenic characterization of genotype VII Newcastle disease viruses isolated from commercial farms in Egypt and evaluation of heterologous antibody responses

Genotypic and pathogenic characterization of genotype VII Newcastle disease viruses isolated from... Newcastle disease viruses (NDV) represent a major threat to poultry production worldwide. Recently in Egypt NDV circulated extensively, even in vaccinated farms. In the present study samples were collected from sixteen vaccinated broiler farms in animals exhibiting the typical gross lesions of NDV. Virus isolation and pathogenicity studies for positive samples were carried out in accordance to reference procedures and phylogenetic analysis was carried out based on partial sequences of the Fusion gene. Furthermore, in vivo investigation of the ability of heterologous antibody, induced by commercially available lentogenic strain-based vaccines, to efficiently reduce viral shedding was examined. Results revealed that all the sixteen farms were positive for the presence of NDV. Out of these fifteen were confirmed to due to velogenic viruses, based on a main death time (MDT) ≤ 48 hours and partial sequencing of the F gene that showed the presence of a polybasic amino acid motif. However, three patterns in the cleavage site of these velogenic viruses were identified in the present study. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all fifteen isolates were clustered with class II genotype VIIb while the remaining isolate (B81) was class II genotype II. Results of the in vivo study revealed that adequate heterologous antibody levels, induced by the proposed vaccination program, sufficiently protected birds from morbidity and mortality. However, virus shedding was quantitatively affected in relation to the time of challenge after vaccination. Altogether, with an absence of vaccines able to induce homologous antibody to the presently circulating viruses, higher antibody levels, which depend on efficient and timely implementation of the vaccination program, are considered as highly important in relation to the reduction of virus shedding. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Genotypic and pathogenic characterization of genotype VII Newcastle disease viruses isolated from commercial farms in Egypt and evaluation of heterologous antibody responses

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/genotypic-and-pathogenic-characterization-of-genotype-vii-newcastle-f2d65y03M1
Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-017-3336-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Newcastle disease viruses (NDV) represent a major threat to poultry production worldwide. Recently in Egypt NDV circulated extensively, even in vaccinated farms. In the present study samples were collected from sixteen vaccinated broiler farms in animals exhibiting the typical gross lesions of NDV. Virus isolation and pathogenicity studies for positive samples were carried out in accordance to reference procedures and phylogenetic analysis was carried out based on partial sequences of the Fusion gene. Furthermore, in vivo investigation of the ability of heterologous antibody, induced by commercially available lentogenic strain-based vaccines, to efficiently reduce viral shedding was examined. Results revealed that all the sixteen farms were positive for the presence of NDV. Out of these fifteen were confirmed to due to velogenic viruses, based on a main death time (MDT) ≤ 48 hours and partial sequencing of the F gene that showed the presence of a polybasic amino acid motif. However, three patterns in the cleavage site of these velogenic viruses were identified in the present study. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all fifteen isolates were clustered with class II genotype VIIb while the remaining isolate (B81) was class II genotype II. Results of the in vivo study revealed that adequate heterologous antibody levels, induced by the proposed vaccination program, sufficiently protected birds from morbidity and mortality. However, virus shedding was quantitatively affected in relation to the time of challenge after vaccination. Altogether, with an absence of vaccines able to induce homologous antibody to the presently circulating viruses, higher antibody levels, which depend on efficient and timely implementation of the vaccination program, are considered as highly important in relation to the reduction of virus shedding.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 25, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off