Newcastle disease viruses (NDV) represent a major threat to poultry production worldwide. Recently in Egypt NDV circulated extensively, even in vaccinated farms. In the present study samples were collected from sixteen vaccinated broiler farms in animals exhibiting the typical gross lesions of NDV. Virus isolation and pathogenicity studies for positive samples were carried out in accordance to reference procedures and phylogenetic analysis was carried out based on partial sequences of the Fusion gene. Furthermore, in vivo investigation of the ability of heterologous antibody, induced by commercially available lentogenic strain-based vaccines, to efficiently reduce viral shedding was examined. Results revealed that all the sixteen farms were positive for the presence of NDV. Out of these fifteen were confirmed to due to velogenic viruses, based on a main death time (MDT) ≤ 48 hours and partial sequencing of the F gene that showed the presence of a polybasic amino acid motif. However, three patterns in the cleavage site of these velogenic viruses were identified in the present study. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all fifteen isolates were clustered with class II genotype VIIb while the remaining isolate (B81) was class II genotype II. Results of the in vivo study revealed that adequate heterologous antibody levels, induced by the proposed vaccination program, sufficiently protected birds from morbidity and mortality. However, virus shedding was quantitatively affected in relation to the time of challenge after vaccination. Altogether, with an absence of vaccines able to induce homologous antibody to the presently circulating viruses, higher antibody levels, which depend on efficient and timely implementation of the vaccination program, are considered as highly important in relation to the reduction of virus shedding.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 25, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera