Genomic organization and expression analysis of the mouse qkI locus

Genomic organization and expression analysis of the mouse qkI locus qkI, encoding a KH domain-containing RNA binding protein, has been isolated as a candidate gene for the mouse neurological mutation quaking. Here, we describe detailed studies on its genomic structure and expression pattern. We isolated approximately 1 Mb of genomic region containing the quaking locus and determined its genomic organization. The qkI locus contains at least 9 exons spanning ∼65 kb of DNA. It gives rise to six distinct transcripts encoding, theoretically, five different protein isoforms. Exons 1 through 4 are shared by all the transcripts, whereas coding exons and two distinct 3′-UTRs downstream to the exon 4 are differentially utilized. One isoform has a truncated KH domain and may act as an antagonist to the others. These findings and identification of a single transcription initiation site suggest that differential expression of each transcript is regulated by alternative splicing. Expression of each alternative transcript and protein product was also examined. Two types of transcripts, 5 kb-A and B, are most abundant in the brain of newborn mice and are gradually downregulated thereafter. In contrast, the other three messages, 6 kb, 7 kb-A and B, increase as myelination proceeds and peak at 2 weeks of age, corresponding to the most active stage of myelination. Although the qkI messages and their products are abundant in brain and heart, a lower level of expression was found in various other tissues tested. Alternative transcripts that share the same 3′-UTR showed very similar expression patterns, suggesting a regulatory role of the 3′-UTRs in qkI gene expression. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Genomic organization and expression analysis of the mouse qkI locus

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003359901068
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

qkI, encoding a KH domain-containing RNA binding protein, has been isolated as a candidate gene for the mouse neurological mutation quaking. Here, we describe detailed studies on its genomic structure and expression pattern. We isolated approximately 1 Mb of genomic region containing the quaking locus and determined its genomic organization. The qkI locus contains at least 9 exons spanning ∼65 kb of DNA. It gives rise to six distinct transcripts encoding, theoretically, five different protein isoforms. Exons 1 through 4 are shared by all the transcripts, whereas coding exons and two distinct 3′-UTRs downstream to the exon 4 are differentially utilized. One isoform has a truncated KH domain and may act as an antagonist to the others. These findings and identification of a single transcription initiation site suggest that differential expression of each transcript is regulated by alternative splicing. Expression of each alternative transcript and protein product was also examined. Two types of transcripts, 5 kb-A and B, are most abundant in the brain of newborn mice and are gradually downregulated thereafter. In contrast, the other three messages, 6 kb, 7 kb-A and B, increase as myelination proceeds and peak at 2 weeks of age, corresponding to the most active stage of myelination. Although the qkI messages and their products are abundant in brain and heart, a lower level of expression was found in various other tissues tested. Alternative transcripts that share the same 3′-UTR showed very similar expression patterns, suggesting a regulatory role of the 3′-UTRs in qkI gene expression.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 1999

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