Genomic imprinting in ruminants: allele-specific gene expression in parthenogenetic sheep

Genomic imprinting in ruminants: allele-specific gene expression in parthenogenetic sheep Studies in the mouse have established that both parental genomes are essential for normal embryonic development. Parthenogenetic mouse embryos (which have two maternal genomes and no paternal genome), for example, are growth-retarded and die at early postimplantation stages. The distinct maternal and paternal contributions are mediated by genomic imprinting, an epigenetic mechanism by which the expression of certain genes is dependent on whether they are inherited from mother or father. Although comparative studies have established that many imprinted mouse (and rat) genes are allele-specifically expressed in humans as well (and vice versa), so far imprinting studies have not been performed in other mammalian species. When considering evolutionary theories of genomic imprinting, it would be important to know how widely it is conserved among placental mammals. We have investigated its conservation in a bovid ruminant, the domestic sheep, by comparing parthenogenetic and normal control embryos. Our study establishes that, like in the mouse, parthenogenetic development in sheep is associated with growth-retardation and does not proceed beyond early fetal stages. These developmental abnormalities are most likely caused by imprinted genes. We demonstrate that, indeed, like in mice and humans, the growth-related PEG1/MEST and Insulin-like Growth Factor 2 (IGF2) genes are expressed from the paternal chromosome in sheep. These observations suggest that genomic imprinting is conserved in a third, evolutionarily rather diverged group of placental mammals, the ruminants. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Genomic imprinting in ruminants: allele-specific gene expression in parthenogenetic sheep

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/genomic-imprinting-in-ruminants-allele-specific-gene-expression-in-eFfjIgNFY4
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003359900876
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Studies in the mouse have established that both parental genomes are essential for normal embryonic development. Parthenogenetic mouse embryos (which have two maternal genomes and no paternal genome), for example, are growth-retarded and die at early postimplantation stages. The distinct maternal and paternal contributions are mediated by genomic imprinting, an epigenetic mechanism by which the expression of certain genes is dependent on whether they are inherited from mother or father. Although comparative studies have established that many imprinted mouse (and rat) genes are allele-specifically expressed in humans as well (and vice versa), so far imprinting studies have not been performed in other mammalian species. When considering evolutionary theories of genomic imprinting, it would be important to know how widely it is conserved among placental mammals. We have investigated its conservation in a bovid ruminant, the domestic sheep, by comparing parthenogenetic and normal control embryos. Our study establishes that, like in the mouse, parthenogenetic development in sheep is associated with growth-retardation and does not proceed beyond early fetal stages. These developmental abnormalities are most likely caused by imprinted genes. We demonstrate that, indeed, like in mice and humans, the growth-related PEG1/MEST and Insulin-like Growth Factor 2 (IGF2) genes are expressed from the paternal chromosome in sheep. These observations suggest that genomic imprinting is conserved in a third, evolutionarily rather diverged group of placental mammals, the ruminants.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 1, 1998

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off