Genomic Imprinting in Mammals

Genomic Imprinting in Mammals A review of the data on the mechanisms and effects of genomic imprinting, an epigenetic phenomenon regulating the development in placentate mammals, is presented. In contrast to the majority of gene loci with biallelic expression, the expression of imprinted loci is monoallelic. In humans and mice, more than 30 imprinted loci have been identified, in which maternal or paternal alleles may either be expressed or be found in a repressed state during ontogeny. Imprinting is established during gametogenesis, and the repression of an allele of the imprinted locus is determined by methylation of the key regulatory element of this allele. Both the maternal and paternal chromosome sets are required for normal development in mammals. This is why parthenogenesis and androgenesis in these animals are impossible in nature. As a result of differential gene expression of many imprinted loci, the balance of gene activity is established, which is necessary for normal proliferation and differentiation of various cell clones in embryogenesis. Many human developmental abnormalities and syndromes are determined by defective genomic imprinting. In particular, the loss of imprints, which is followed by the occurrence of biallelic expression of some imprinted loci, may cause malignant tumors. Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Genomic Imprinting in Mammals

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial