Genomic expansion of the Bov-A2 retroposon relating to phylogeny and breed management

Genomic expansion of the Bov-A2 retroposon relating to phylogeny and breed management Bov-A2 is a retroposon that is widely distributed among the genomes of ruminants (e.g., cow, deer, giraffe, pronghorn, musk deer, and chevrotain). This retroposon is composed of two monomers, called Bov-A units, which are joined by a linker sequence. The structure and origin of Bov-A2 has been well characterized but a genome-level exploration of this retroposon has not been implemented. In this study we performed an extensive search for Bov-A2 using all available genome sequence data on Bos taurus. We found unique Bov-A2-derived sequences that were longer than Bov-A2 due to amplification of three to six Bov-A units arranged in tandem. Detailed analysis of these elongated Bov-A2-derived sequences revealed that they originated through unequal crossing-over of Bov-A2. We found a large number of these elongated Bov-A2-derived sequences in cattle genomes, indicating that unequal crossing-over of Bov-A2 occurred very frequently. We found that this type of elongation is not observed in wild bovine and is therefore specific to the domesticated cattle genome. Furthermore, at specific loci, the number of Bov-A units was also polymorphic between alleles, implying that the elongation of Bov-A units might have occurred very recently. For these reasons, we speculate that genomic instability in bovine genomes can lead to extensive unequal crossing-over of Bov-A2 and levels of polymorphism might be generated in part by repeated outbreeding. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Genomic expansion of the Bov-A2 retroposon relating to phylogeny and breed management

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Zoology ; Anatomy ; Cell Biology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-007-9000-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Bov-A2 is a retroposon that is widely distributed among the genomes of ruminants (e.g., cow, deer, giraffe, pronghorn, musk deer, and chevrotain). This retroposon is composed of two monomers, called Bov-A units, which are joined by a linker sequence. The structure and origin of Bov-A2 has been well characterized but a genome-level exploration of this retroposon has not been implemented. In this study we performed an extensive search for Bov-A2 using all available genome sequence data on Bos taurus. We found unique Bov-A2-derived sequences that were longer than Bov-A2 due to amplification of three to six Bov-A units arranged in tandem. Detailed analysis of these elongated Bov-A2-derived sequences revealed that they originated through unequal crossing-over of Bov-A2. We found a large number of these elongated Bov-A2-derived sequences in cattle genomes, indicating that unequal crossing-over of Bov-A2 occurred very frequently. We found that this type of elongation is not observed in wild bovine and is therefore specific to the domesticated cattle genome. Furthermore, at specific loci, the number of Bov-A units was also polymorphic between alleles, implying that the elongation of Bov-A units might have occurred very recently. For these reasons, we speculate that genomic instability in bovine genomes can lead to extensive unequal crossing-over of Bov-A2 and levels of polymorphism might be generated in part by repeated outbreeding.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 10, 2007

References

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